Alcohol Use Disorder: Nutrition During Recovery

Thus, the aim of the present review article was to examine the current knowledge on vitamin deficiency and its role in chronic liver disease. Numerous studies have described that vitamin supplementation could reduce hepatotoxicity. However, further studies with reference to the changes in vitamin status and the nutritional management of chronic liver disease are in demand. Correcting food sensitivity can decrease cravings for alcohol and unhealthy foods. Since some food sensitivities can worsen existing nutrient absorption problems, your nutritionist may recommend a food-restricted diet to ensure maximum absorption of vitamins and minerals. The most common dietary deficiencies in alcoholics are vitamin B6, thiamine and folic acid.

One 2019 study found that a significant portion of individuals with AUD admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) had vitamin C deficiency, with 42% being severely deficient. The research suggests that vitamin C supplementation, in addition to thiamine, should be considered for these individuals. In addition to conventional treatments and complete abstinence, Dr. Weil recommends the following two supplements to people coping with alcohol dependence.

What Are the Most Important Vitamins to Take for Alcohol Use Disorder?

Any food calories are typically consumed in the form of junk foods. Unfortunately, the calories gained from alcohol and junk food are “empty calories.” That is, they are calories lacking nutrients and are of little value to the body. Without it, you can have strong cravings, mood swings, and hostile behavior. We get amino acids from protein in foods like meat, dairy products, and nuts, along with some grains and beans. Too much alcohol can cause inflammation in your stomach lining and pancreas.

It also affects your body’s ability to absorb B vitamins and folic acid. It can trigger irritable bowel syndrome, acid reflux, and other gastrointestinal illnesses, too. In addition to dietary issues, alcohol affects how the body digests, stores, and uses nutrients. For example, it can decrease the secretion of digestive enzymes in the pancreas and impair nutrient absorption from the cells of the stomach or intestines.

Nutrition to Help Your Body Heal in Addiction Recovery

They are so important that the Dietary Guidelines for Americans suggests 45% to 65% of daily calories should come from carbs. Good nutrition also helps your brain rework old connections and make new ones. This can make it hard to stay away from alcohol while you’re trying to get better. If individuals believe they have a problem with alcohol or if they drink more than the recommended amounts, they should speak with their doctor for support and advice. Many treatment protocols for AWS involve supportive care as the person withdraws to ease the discomfort of the symptoms.

The first step in treating addiction to any substance is to remove all traces of the substance from the body. Unfortunately, many people attempt to quit drugs or alcohol on their own, which almost never works. No matter what the substance or the person’s history of abusing it, the withdrawal phase is where most people fail when trying to fight addiction alone. While the body can withstand malnutrition for weeks, if not longer, dehydration quickly becomes a matter of life or death. Water makes up around 60% of the body and plays vital roles in nearly every function. Critical examples include facilitating brain function, improving mood, flushing out toxins and transferring nutrients between cells.

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However, people who misuse alcohol may eat less food and commonly have deficiencies in zinc, magnesium, selenium, protein, and certain vitamins. Supplements can help reduce alcohol cravings by addressing nutritional deficiencies, regulating neurotransmitters, and providing antioxidant support, among other mechanisms. Additionally, chronic alcohol Recovery Gift Guide, Sober Gift Guide use may cause issues with metabolism, utilization, and absorption of vitamins. Alcohol intake can slow down metabolism and lead to decreased intake. Minimal food intake can lead to malnutrition and vitamin and nutrient deficiencies. Some studies also show that chronic alcohol intake can affect the gut and lead to digestive problems.

  • The effectiveness of several antioxidants has been evaluated.
  • Macronutrients are those your body needs in large amounts each day to function.
  • However, alcohol consumption affects the metabolism of homocysteine (tHcy) because the enzyme cofactor for the conversion of tHcy to methionine is vitamin B12.
  • Supplementing with specific vitamins and minerals like thiamine, vitamin C, and magnesium can support your liver’s recovery and restore essential nutrients that AUD has depleted.

Thiamine is a vital nutrient for your body’s energy metabolism and can prevent the development of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome during alcohol withdrawal. Additionally, insufficient folic acid levels can cause anemia. During alcohol detox, your treatment team will likely give you an oral multivitamin containing folic acid.

Our review updates the existing relationship between vitamins and their mechanism of action during the pathogenesis of ALD. Therefore, these variables should be addressed in future studies. The goal of withdrawal management programs is to provide clients with medical care and sometimes medication in order to maintain the healthiest state possible while the body is eliminating drugs or alcohol.

Ethanol metabolism produces an alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, or cirrhosis [13,14]. The major pathway of ethanol metabolism is the oxidative pathway that involves alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) present in the cytosol of hepatocytes [15]. This ADH produces acetaldehyde, which is toxic due to its high reactivity and may form DNA or protein adducts [16,17].

Vitamins for alcoholics prove effective in boosting your mood and strengthening your body. Further, balancing your diet with vitamins and minerals can also help you detox and recover from alcohol abuse. Over time, too much alcohol can make your body less able to absorb some of the important nutrients you need, even if you’re eating a healthy diet.

vitamins for recovering alcoholics

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